Humanistic Psychology, Psychedelics, and the Transpersonal Vision

In the 1950s and early 1960s the field of humanistic psychology was established, with the founding of the Journal of Humanistic Psychology (JHP) by Abraham Maslow and Anthony Sutich and the Association of Humanistic Psychology founded by Carl Rogers, Virginia Satir, and Maslow in 1961. Also known as the Third Force, following behaviorism (the First Force) and psychoanalysis (the Second Force), humanistic psychology broke with the restrictive and overly deterministic models of conventional psychology of that time and presented a more optimistic vision of human potential, stressing the importance of personal growth and self-actualization. Maslow, one of the leading founders and proponents of humanistic psychology charted a hierarchy of needs in order of decreasing priority yet increasing sophistication, starting with basic physiological needs and safety and extending to belongingness and love, fulfillment, self-worth, and autonomy.


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