In 1965, I was training in clinical toxicology in the pharmacology department of the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) and living in the Haight Ashbury. I studied various psychedelics, including LSD, mescaline, and ibogaine, in human and animal models. The psychedelics were then being used as a therapeutic drug in clinical settings and researched as a potential antipersonnel agent by the U.S. government. Then, using psychedelics became a rite of passage for the emerging countercultural movement. After adverse reactions and negative publicity, states began to criminalize these drugs, beginning in 1966. The federal government eventually moved these drugs to Schedule 1 classification, shutting down research almost entirely.